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Moody Moore Architects

Biography

The partnership between Herbert Moody and Robert Moore which became known as Moody Moore Architects – and, later, MMP Architects – began in 1936. Moody had graduated from the University of Manitoba with a Bachelor’s degree in architecture in 1926. His experience in the field consisted of more than two years with the firm of Derby and Robinson in Boston (from 1925 to 1928) and nearly five years work as a draftsman for the Toronto office of Sproatt and Rolph. This term ended in 1933 when a Depression-related work slowdown resulted in layoffs; Moody returned to Winnipeg and soon registered with the Manitoba Association of Architects. Before joining with Moody, Moore – who had graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in architecture from the University of Manitoba in 1931 – had completed two years of apprenticeship with the firm of Northwood and Chivers in Winnipeg, having registered as an architect with the Manitoba Association of Architects in December of 1934.

Given the ongoing large economic crisis, undoubtedly business was at first difficult to come by for the young practice, whose offices were first located at 216 Graham Avenue. One early project was the home of Samuel L. Wilson (106 Handsart Boulevard). Completed in 1938, the house presents a restrained, updated version of somewhat medieval domestic style. The firm’s modern outlook was magnified in another project of the same year when Moody and Moore were given the opportunity to design new Hudson’s Bay Store in Edmonton on the site of the previous (1893 and 1912) stores. With its signature rounded corners, black Quebec granite, Manitoba Tyndall limestone, glass blocks and stainless steel exterior this project was a jewel of the Art Moderne style, one which had to be constructed in three contained sections so as not to disrupt trade. In 1989 the store's three facades were declared a Municipal Historic Resource by the city of Edmonton. This project led to Moody and Moore later being commission to design Bay stores in Montreal, Banff and Kamloops.

The arrival of the Second World War in 1939 affected the new partnership significantly. At this point Moody felt obliged to enlist and from 1940 to 1945 he served overseas with the Royal Canadian Engineers Army 3rd Division, achieving the rank of Major. Moody was stationed first at the Debert Military Camp in Nova Scotia – where he designed facilities for the base – and then travelled to England and France where he designed additions to military hospitals, other buildings for wartime use and, later, worked on repair work. At this time Moore managed to keep the practice going on his own. One important project from this era in Winnipeg was Moody Moore’s 1944 renovation of the Holt Renfrew store on Portage Avenue.

The post-war years brought greater success. Building on their earlier work in retail architecture, in 1948 the firm was hired the Macleod’s chain of hardware stores to design a host of outlets across the prairies. Parkades for the downtown Winnipeg Hudson’s Bay and Eaton’s followed in 1954 and 1956 respectively – both employing a design for stacking cars which was new in concept and form. The Mall Centre (491 Portage Avenue, between Balmoral and Colony Streets) followed, combining a bus depot, office tower, hotel and retail complex. In 1968, Moody Moore was also responsible for the re-cladding of Hudson’s Bay House (77 Main Street) to create the present home of the historic Northwest Company.

In these mid-century years the partnership took on a fairly consistent character and it was well known that while Moody concentrated on the design of their projects, Moore was the business talent behind the successful practice, ensuring that the projects were done properly and on time. As a young draftsman working in the firm, Roy Sellors recalled quaking when Robert Moore entered the drafting room.

Versatile in its range of abilities, during this period Moody Moore also came to specialize in hospital, laboratory and other medical facilities – a natural development given Moody’s war-time experience. The firm’s work in this vein included the Red Cross Lodge at Deer Lodge Military Hospital (1945) and, in 1948, the Red Cross Division Headquarters on Osborne Street North. With its clean lines, strip-like windows, glass atrium and extensive expanses of Tydall stone, the latter was a symbol the possibilities involved in a fusion of Modernist inspiration and local detail.

These projects were followed quickly by regional hospitals in Virden and Morden in the early 1950s, the Woman’s Pavilion of Winnipeg General Hospital (1951) and the Winnipeg Children’s Hospital (1952). A noteworthy work was the Princess Elizabeth Hospital (on the present site of the Riverview Health Centre), the opening of which was delayed until 1954 by flooding. This project was followed by a $3 million Veterans Affairs Hospital and a design for Winnipeg General Hospital in 1960. In 1963, Moody Moore also built the Manitoba Rehabilitation Hospital and, in 1972, the high-rise Medical Arts Building and parkade (233 Kennedy Street). The latter is also an integrated facility with containment facilities. Later important medical and laboratory facilities designed by the firm include the Enviro-Test Laboratories (745 Logan Avenue, 1980) and, in 1987, the National Research Council Building (435 Ellice Avenue).

Education was another early area of expertise for Moody and Moore. In the early post war period they designed Lac du Bonnet School, Churchill High School (510 Hay Street, 1953), Harrow School (550 Harrow Street, 1954) and St. John’s College and Chapel at the University of Manitoba (1958). Perhaps the most significant of these educational endeavours was the firm’s work, in the early 1970s, on the expansion of the University of Winnipeg. The first of these efforts was the addition known as Lockhart Hall – an imposing Late Modernist composition of dark-brick which reflected contemporary architectural trends, particularly those in the United Kingdom. The next of these was the dramatic 1973 structure Centennial Hall. Here the architect’s solution to the need to expand campus facilities on a small site was to suspend a large new building above the extent university, with a fused interior-exterior tiered section stepping down toward the street-level behind the 1896 Wesley Hall. With its imaginative solution to a lack of space, its high-tech feel – with exposed trusses and mechanical elements – and colourfully pained spiral staircase shafts, vents and cables this design evoked the speculative designs of the British Archigram movement and such later project’s as Paris’ Centre Georges Pompidou. This new type of approach – brought forward by principal designer Lewis Morse –might also have been a reflection of the changing composition of the firm; in 1969 Moody Moore Architects had combined with the firm of Duncan Rattray Peters and Searle (formed in 1963) to become Moody Moore Duncan Rattray Peters Searle Christie, Architects, Engineers and Planners (James Christie had already been a principal designer with Moody Moore).

Moody Moore Architects also had a number of significant projects in the area of business – particularly along Broadway. These include the Investors Syndicate Building (280 Broadway) built in two stages in 1956 and 1962. Moody Moore’s office – a low rectangular masonry structure (since remodeled) which served as their home from 1948 until 1984 – was across the street at 295 Broadway. The Sovereign Life Building at 287 Broadway was another project for the firm, completed in 1956. The Mercantile Bank, also on Broadway, followed in 1972. In 1957, Moody Moore used steel, concrete and masonry construction for the new head office for Manitoba Hydro (820 Taylor Avenue). The National Revenue Building followed in 1958, with a two-storey addition in 1968 to bring it to its present appearance. Another significant work, of 1974, was the Bestlands Building (191 Pioneer Avenue) – a high-rise tower which now houses the offices of MTS.

One of the most prominent designs Moody Moore participated in was the result of the firm’s association with Smith Carter and GBR Architects to form the Associated Architects for the Manitoba Cultural Centre, which created the Centennial Concert Hall, the Museum of Man and Nature and the Planetarium. This multi-use complex, completed in 1968, was planned as part of a major redevelopment of the older downtown district. In 1974, Moody Moore Duncan Rattray Peters Searle Christie added the Nonsuch Gallery to the museum to house the reproduction of the wooden ketch in a climate-controlled recreation of an English wharf.

Other significant structures from the office of Moody Moore include the Winnipeg Winter Club (200 River Avenue, 1950); Griffin Steel Foundries (2500 Day Street, 1959); St. Stephen’s Church (396 Broadway,1970; this, along with Westridge United Church (1226 Waller Avenue, 1964) was a rare foray into church architecture for the firm and another of their contributions to the development of Broadway) and, more recently, Shaw Park, a baseball stadium of 1999. In the past few years, the descendant of Moody Moore Architects and Moody Moore Duncan Rattray Peters Searle Christie – MMP Architects – has branched into multi-family and low-rise residential design as well as hotel-motel construction, while continuing to work in such areas as retail architecture, healthcare and education.

Projects

  • Royal Crown Soap Company (major addition), King Street at Henry Avenue, 1934-36
  • Hudson's Bay Department Store, Jasper Avenue at 102 Street, Edmonton, 1936-37
  • St. John's-Ravenscourt School (gymnasium and dormitory), South Drive, 1937
  • Office Block for James Richardson and Sons, Eighth Avenue West, Calgary, 1937
  • Residence for Alexander Robertson, Grenfell Boulevard, 1938
  • Residence for A.M. Patton, Hadsart Boulevard, 1938
  • S & S Aircraft Ltd (major addition to factory), Graham Avenue, 1941
  • Grace Hospital (addition for a Nurse's residence), 1942
  • Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinsted, England, 1943
  • Holt Renfrew & Company Limited (major alterations and modernization), Portage Avenue at Carleton Street, 1944
  • Deer Lodge Military Hospital, Red Cross Lodge, Portage Avenue, 1945
  • Charleswood (a tract of 238 houses), 1945
  • King's Palace Restaurant, 260 King Street, 1946
  • Grace Hospital (major addition), 1946-47
  • Lac du Bonnet School, Lac du Bonnet, Manitoba, 1947
  • Winnipeg Winter Club (new clubhouse), 200 River Avenue, 1947-48
  • Knowles School for Boys, Winnipeg Rotary Club, Henderson Highway, 1947-49
  • Hudson's Bay Company (office and warehouse), Montreal, Québec, 1948
  • Imperial Oil Company Office Block, 100 Main Street, Winnipeg, 1948 (demolished)
  • Children's Hospital for the Kinsmen Club, Aberdeen Avenue near Main Street, 1948-50
  • Princess Elizabeth Hospital, 1 Morley Avenue (at Eccles Street), 1948-50
  • Moody Moore Offices, 295 Broadway Avenue, Winnipeg, 1948
  • St. Andrew's River Heights United Church, 255 Oak Street, 1949-50
  • 226 Osborne Street North, 1948-49
  • Hospital, Minnedosa, Manitoba, 1949
  • Federal Building, Department of Public Works, Flin Flon, Manitoba, 1949
  • Memorial Arena, Fort Frances, Ontario, 1949
  • Hospital, Morris, Manitoba, 1949
  • Central Police Station (major addition and garage), 1949
  • Victoria Hospital (major addition), 424 River Avenue, 1949
  • Western Savings and Loan, 280 Smith Street, 1950
  • B.F. Goodrich Rubber Co. (office and warehouse), Ellice Avenue at Erin Street, 1950
  • The Tourist Hotel (major addition), Provencher Avenue, Winnipeg, 1950
  • Hospital for the Department of Mines and Resources, Norway House, Manitoba, 1950
  • Hospital, Neepawa, Manitoba, 1950
  • Hospital, Morden, Manitoba, 1950
  • Selkirk Metal Products (office and factory), Wall Street, 1950
  • Manitoba Building, 270 Osborne Street North, 1953-54
  • Hudson Bay Company Store Parkade, 285 Memorial Boulevard, 1955
  • Monarch Lumber Company, 207 Donald Street, 1955-56
  • Investors Building, 280 Broadway, 1956-58
  • Eaton’s Parkade, 250 Hargrave Street, 1956-57
  • Sovereign Life Building, 287 Broadway, 1956-57
  • Manitoba Hydro Building, 820 Taylor Avenue (1650 Harrow Street), 1957-58
  • Stanley Knowles Federal Building, 391 York Avenue, 1957-58
  • St. John's-Ravenscourt Headmaster House, 444 South Drive, 1959
  • Automobile repair shop, 125 Colony Street, 1959
  • Building A, Red River College, 2055 Notre Dame Avenue, 1962
  • South Gym, Red River College, 2055 Notre Dame Avenue, 1962
  • Building B, Red River College, 2055 Notre Dame Avenue, 1962
  • Crown Life Building, 55 Donald Street, 1963
  • University College, University of Manitoba, 210 Dysart Road, 1963-64
  • Intercity Bus Terminal, 491 Portage Avenue, 1963-64
  • Donnelly United Church, 1226 Waller Avenue, 1964
  • Lockhart Hall, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, 1968-69
  • Roonie Burgers, 3068 Portage Avenue, 1969
  • St. Stephen's Broadway, 396 Broadway Avenue, 1969-70
  • House of York (formerly), 161 Donald Street, 1971-73
  • 305 Broadway, 1972
  • Westdale School, 6720 Betsworth Avenue, 1972
  • Medical Arts Building, 233 Kennedy Street, 1972
  • Shamrock School, 831 Beaverhill Boulevard, 1974
  • Bestlands Building, 191 Pioneer Avenue, 1974-75
  • Ceridian Building, 125 Garry Street, 1974-75
  • 480 Portage Avenue, 1979
  • Birth Centre, 603 St. Mary's Road, 2011
  • Birds Hill Washroom and Shower Building, Birds Hill Provincial Park, Manitoba, 2011

Sources

  • “New Institute of Technology to be three schools in one.” Winnipeg Industrial Topics. 1961.
  • “The Hudson’s Bay Company, Edmonton, Alberta” The Journal (Royal Architecture Institute of Canada) (February 1940): 22-24
  • Kalman, Harold. A History of Canadian Architecture. Vol. 2. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994. 864.
  • Keshavjee, Serena. ed. Winnipeg Modern. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2006.