Winnipeg Architecture Foundation

People

Architects

Michael D. Rattray

  • 1931 - present
  • MAA

Biography

Michael D. Rattray – a key figure in the founding of four different architectural firms – was born in Winnipeg 24 February 1931. Following an education in local public schools, Rattray entered University of Manitoba, graduating with a bachelor degree in architecture in 1955. While at university Rattray was profoundly effected by the late Dean, John A. Russell, whose approach combined a predilection toward modernism with an openness to a variety of philosophies. Subsequent to his graduation, the young architect was hired by the Winnipeg offices of Smith Carter; he stayed here until July of the next year. At this point Rattray spent over a year traveling in Europe, while furthermore taking posts with architectural practices in Copenhagen and London. Upon his return, the architect rejoined Smith Carter (in August 1957); he remained with the form until 1963, having – in 1960 – registered with the Manitoba Association of Architects (MAA).

In 1963, Rattray – alongside John Duncan, Helmut Peters and Samuel Searle, some of whom were Smith Carter associates – formed a new partnership. The new firm, Duncan Rattray Peters and Searle had offices at 1115 Henderson Highway. Early work came with apartment tower commissions, as well as a contract for a new regional hospital in Lynn Lake, Manitoba. In 1969, this young firm joined forces with the more established Winnipeg practice Moody Moore Architects, thus forging the new office of Moody Moore Duncan Rattray Peters Searle Christie. The business, which was situated at the extent 1948 Moody Moore location at 295 Broadway Avenue, shortened its name to MMP Architects in the mid-1970’s. Rattray’s work during the initial years of this firm was hectic. Projects from 1969 to 1975 included Westwood Collegiate (360 Rouge Street, 1971); a 6,000 seat addition to the Winnipeg Stadium (1465 Maroons Road, 1972); the House of York apartments (161 Donald Street, 1972); the Museum of Man and Nature Nonsuch gallery (190 Rupert Street, 1974); and the Bestlands Building (191 Pioneer Avenue, 1975). This era also saw MMP design the dynamic, daring Centennial and Lockhart Halls for the University of Winnipeg (515 Portage Avenue, 1969-72 and 1970). The first of these was the firm’s imaginative, high-tech solution to an already crowded site. Another group of projects that Rattray was involved during this busy phase were three buildings for John A. Flanders, a long time real estate developer. The first was the Mercantile Bank and office tower at 305 Broadway – on a site owned by MMP partner Robert Moore. The next was the massive multi-use Medical Arts Building (1972-1974) whose rhythmically patterned window-to-wall ratio conceals a teeming hive of medical and dental offices, labs, support services and retail space. The last was the eye-catching, octagonal Assiniboine Credit Union head office (125 Garry Street, 1974) where an open feeling two-storey vestibule surrounded by large concrete columns sit below a main nine-storey block.

Over his career Rattray has frequently engaged with council work with the Manitoba Association of Architects, a relationship he commenced in 1966. In 1972, he was elected President of the MAA during a slowdown of industrial development. Partially motivated by this economic situation, Rattray advocated the rehabilitation of older buildings as a good prospect for architects’ futures – one which might furthermore enrich the urban fabric. At the same time he favoured an evolutionary city planning process in which the needs of citizens came before broader master plans. In a 1973 interview Rattray stated that he was concerned with “the texture of urban development, and feels that it is important to include both existing and new structures in civic development.” He elaborated that more attention ought to be “given to the rehabilitation of sound older buildings rather than their destruction and replacement” and that “We need variety. Overall master planning by government is in many cases grossly unsatisfactory.” During Rattray’s tenure as MAA President the organization also piloted a new program designated “storefront architecture”, – a low-key volunteer operation run out of the MAA’s Lombard Avenue offices which offered free assistance and advice to community groups to improve their neighborhoods. The program also established link with the Urban Institute at the University of Winnipeg. Throughout the 1970s Rattray also taught at the University of Manitoba.

Michael Rattray terminated his registration with the MAA in September 1999 but worked for some years after that time with MMP. Apart from architecture he has been involved at the board level in many community associations including the Salvation Army Red Shield Appeal, the Manitoba Club, the Granite Curling Club, the Sanatorium Board of Manitoba, the United Way, the Children’s Hospital Research Foundation and Community Ownership Solutions, the St. Charles Curling Club, the Winnipeg Squash and Racquet Club and the Winnipeg Winter Club.

Projects

Sources

  • “Untitled.” Winnipeg Free Press. 25 January 1968.
  • “Architects keep the lid on predictions for 1974.” Journal of Commerce. 7 January 1974.
  • “Predicted drop in architectural work occurs.” Winnipeg Tribune. 23 March 1973.
  • “Look Around You.” Winnipeg Development News. August 1973. 2.
  • University Lists Winners Of Degrees, Diplomas, Awards.” Winnipeg Free Press. 13 May 1955.
  • “New $1 Million Hospital Opened In Lynn Lake.” Winnipeg Free Press. 25 May 1971.
  • “Expansion Plan To Be Studied, Board Decides.” Winnipeg Free Press. 25 April 1975.