Winnipeg Architecture Foundation

Places

Buildings

1015 Arlington

Address:1015 Arlington
Use:Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health
Constructed:1992 - 1997
Other Work:2009, addition and renovations
2017 - current, addition and renovations
Architects:Jim Orzechowski
Firms:Smith Carter Architects and Engineers Inc.

More Information

The Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health (CSCHAH) is a world-leading infectious disease facility jointly operated by the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. The building houses the National Microbiology Laboratory and the National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease. Currently, the CSCHAH is the only Level 4 laboratory in Canada.

The CSCHAH was designed by Smith Carter Architects and Engineers Inc., with Jim Orzechowski, a partner at the firm, leading the project. Prior to designing the building, Orzechoswki and a dozen other Smith Carter staff, joined by scientists and government officials, visited almost every human or animal high-containment lab in the world.

The design for the CSCHAH was incredibly successful and resulted in the firm becoming the architects and engineering of choice for designing and building high level bio containment labs. At the time of its construction, the CSCHAH was the ‘gold standard’ for a new generation of labs.

Renovations on the CSCHAH were announced in 2009, as well as a 1,614 square-metre addition. The Government of Canada awarded Smith Carter Architects and Engineers Inc., a contract valued at $2,423,992 for architectural and engineering services and awarded PCL Constructors a $14,083,897 contract for construction services for the renovations and addition.

In 2017, federal Health Minister Jane Philpott announced a $5-million investment in the lab, which would allow for a Level 3 containment laboratory to be upgraded to the “highest level of biosafety.” The CSCHAH’s previously existing Level 4 lab will be expanded. Construction is expected to be completed in 2020.

Design Characteristics

  • Bioseal doors
  • Bullet resistant glass on CL 3+ and CL 4 areas
  • Ensemble of white square panels, glass, and Tyndall stone
  • Open walkway that traverses the building
  • Air is always sucked in toward the virus labs and from there pumped out of the lab through high efficiency particulate (HEPA) filters
  • All solid waste is sterilized with steam or formaldehyde before it leaves the lab and all liquid waste is fed into tanks where it is pressure cooked before entering the sewer

Sources

  • Martin Enserink,”The Architect Behind the New Fortresses of Science,” Science 299 (2003): 812-815
  • David Square, “The strange world inside Canada’s only level-4 containment lab,” CMAJ 161:9 (Nov 1992): 1171-1172
  • "National Microbiology lab in Winnipeg gets $5 million to expand Ebola containment lab," CBC News, July 20, 2017