Winnipeg Architecture Foundation

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Lakeview Square

Address:A full city-block of land, bound by St. Mary and York avenues, and Carleton and Hargrave streets
Use:Mixed Use, commercial and residential
Original Use:Mixed Use, commercial and residential
Constructed:1973
Architects:Libling Michener and Associates
Engineers:Crosier Greenberg and Partners (Winnipeg)
Contractors:Bird Construction Ltd.

More Information

In the early to mid-1970s, a planned unit development (or planned building group) known as Lakeview Square was constructed in the block of land bound by St. Mary and York avenues, and Carleton and Hargrave streets. At the time, it represented the largest commercial development in Winnipeg's downtown and included both residential and commercial properties: the Holiday Inn, three office buildings, a Japanese garden and two Holiday Towers apartment blocks. Developed and managed by Lakeview Properties Ltd., under the guidance of then president Jack Levit, the Lakeview Square was the first complex built as part of the Metropolitan Corporation of Winnipeg's $40-million Downtown Development Plan. This plan, much of which it still in operation, covers a 14-block area in the heart of Winnipeg’s downtown. The development, with construction spanning over 10 years, was initiated as a co-operative project shared between the public and private sectors. Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce President, Les Wardrop, stated that the development would herald a new era of vitality for the downtown core: “[T]he national trend has been a movement away from the city centre to the convenience of the suburban shopping centre. Winnipeg’s Downtown Development Plan will draw the population back to the downtown area where they can enjoy a larger scope in choice of merchandise and the many public recreational activities that are planned.” (Manitoba -- Canada’s Number One Sun, October 1970)

Construction of Lakeview Square was split into two phases. The first, which began in September of 1972, included a 17-storey, 411-room Holiday Inn, a 25-storey, 264-suite apartment building (Holiday Tower North) and Three Lakeview Square, a six-storey 61,000 square foot office building. Phase II marked the construction of another six-storey office building (Two Lakeview Square), another 25-storey apartment building (Holiday Tower South), an underground parking complex and 35,000 square foot Japanese Garden. Construction was completed in 1974.

The entirety of Lakeview Complex, designed to be a community within itself, offering “maximum opportunity to live, work, play and relax without the problems of traffic jams and rush hours,” are interconnected by a series of climate-controlled walkways, 16’ above grade and are similarly linked via an underground concourse. This skywalk system also extends to the Winnipeg Convention Centre, a key component in the aforementioned Downtown Development Plan. All buildings overlook a central Japanese Hayashi Garden courtyard with reflecting pools, stone lanterns, formal flower beds, and an authentic Japanese Tea House.

Lakeview Properties Ltd. continued to develop both York Centre and Rupertsland Square, a joint undertaking with the Hudson’s Bay Company and The Cadillac Fairview Corporation Limited.

Design Characteristics

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Sources

  • Don Atkinson, "Centre prompts further development," Winnipeg Tribune, August 19, 1973. [Report of an interview with Jack Levit, president of Lakeview Development Ltd., on the completion of the Lakeview Square and the status of the company's other downtown plans and projects.]
  • Elaine Brown, "Lakeview Plans $50 Million for Downtown Area," Winnipeg Free Press, July 10, 1973. [Progress report on Lakeview Square]
  • Martin Cash, "Chain turning sod for hotel in Brandon" and "Story so Far," The Winnipeg Free Press, October 16, 1998, p. B5. [Story about Lakeview group of companies, including a brief historical sketch of the Lakeview Group of companies.}
  • "Con-Force 25 Years: A Tradition of Progressive Leadership -- Highlights of Con-Force Success," Western Construction and Industry, 26, 3 (May 1974), pp. 14-27.
  • "Construction Imminent as Downtown Development Plans Crystallize," Greater Winnipeg Industrial Topics, 30, 7 (December 1970), pp.2-3. [Overview of Convention Centre and Lakeview Square projects.]
  • Wally Dennison, "Developer's past yields dividends," Winnipeg Free Press, August 23, 1985, p. 24 [Profile of Sam Linhart, one of the principals in the Lakeview Group of Companies.]
  • "Fifty Million Dollar Downtown Plan Announced," Manitoba -- Canada's Number One Sun (formerly Manitoba Industry and Commerce Bulletin), 22, 7 (October 1970), pp. 14-16. [Overview of Convention Centre and Lakeview Square projects.]
  • "$50-million Project Will Spur Construction, Tourist Industries," Manitoba Business Journal, 6, 8 (September 1970), pp. 12-14. [Overview of Convention Centre and Lakeview Square projects.]
  • Greater Winnipeg Industrial Topics, 28, 7 (September 1968) [Article on Lakeview Development Ltd.'s role as a developer of industrial and office space for lease.]
  • "Lakeview Acheives Full Diversification within its market," Western Construction and Industry, 25, 10 (November/December 1973), pp. 13-19.
  • "Lakeview Development Inaugurates Winnipeg's Downtown Development Plan With Holiday Inn Start," Greater Winnipeg Industrial Topics, 31, 5 (october 1971), pp. 4-5.
  • "Lakeview Square," Western Construction and Industry, 25, 10 (November/December 1973), pp. 4-8, 10-12.
  • "Lakeview Square," Winnipeg Industrial Topics, 36, 6 (December 1976), pp. 4-5.
  • "Lakeview Square Reaches To The Top," Western Construction and Industry, 24, 9 (November/December 1972), p. 44.
  • Jonas Lehrman, "Downtown Winnipeg: A Need for New Goals," The Canadian Architect, 20, 6 (June 1975), pp. 45-54.
  • [Contains a detailed analysis of downtown planning and development.]
  • Philip Mathias, "Winnipeg rolls up development sleeves," Financial Post, December 19, 1970, p. 18
  • "Metro begins to implement downtown development plan," Winnipeg Tribune, May 30, 1970, [Report on proposed Lakeview development, with a focus on the holiday Inn component.]
  • "Progress at Lakeview Square," Winnipeg Development News (June 1973), published in Winnipeg Industrial Topics, 33, 3 (june 1973).
  • Paul Sullivan, "Levit high-risers send downtown core soaring," Winnipeg Free Press, June 3, 1978, pp. 39, 43. [Role on the role of Lakeview companies in projects such as Lakeview Square, Rupertsland Square, and Colony Square.]
  • "The New Heart of Winnipeg," Motorways Miler #4 (December 1974), pp. 9-10. [from Winnipeg Public Library, St.James Branch, verticle file on "Winnipeg -- Growth and Development.]
  • University of Manitoba Libraries, Dept. of Archives and Special Collections, Winnipeg Tribune, Subject Clipping Research Files, Microfilm Roll #32, file on "Construction 1963-1974."
  • University of Manitoba Libraries, Dept. of Archives and Special Collections, Winnipeg Tribune, Subject Clipping Research Files, Microfilm Roll #76, file on "Lakeview Development Ltd. 1970-1980."
  • University of Manitoba Libraries, Dept. of Archives and Special Collections, Winnipeg Tribune, Subject Clipping Research Files, Microfilm Roll #161, file on "Winnipeg Convention Centre 1968-1974"
  • "Winnipeg Developer Thinks Big," Manitoba Business Journal, 3, 1 (August/September 1966), pp. 64-66. [Profile of Jack Levit, president of Lakeview Development Ltd.]

Locations of Supporting Information

  • City of Winnipeg Archives.
  • University of Manitoba Libraries, Archives and Special Collections, Winnipeg Tribune Photograph Collection.

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