Winnipeg Architecture Foundation

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R. Douglas Gillmor

Biography

A scholar in the midst of hands-on practitioners, Doug Gillmor showed early manifestations of becoming an academic before he had even graduated. Born in Fort Frances, Ontario, Gillmor completed a Bachelor’s degree in Architecture at the University of Manitoba in 1954. Prior to winning the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Gold Medal that year, Gillmor was selected to summarize the year’s projects for inclusion in the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada Journal. Gillmor also wrote about a fourth-year joint design project, a comprehensive look at the factors which would contribute to the successful design of a new City Hall for Winnipeg. Gillmor’s own plan, with an office tower and low separate council chambers, looks very much like the reworked design that Green Blankstein Russell eventually built. Gillmor’s other published design for “A Summer Restaurant,” submitted as part of this same process the year earlier also bears a striking resemblance to the restaurant erected within the Assiniboine Park Zoo. Gillmor’s thesis project in his final year, a newspaper plant, took the thesis award. He was given the Manitoba Association of Architects (MAA) Hobbs Glass Scholarship.

In 1955, Gillmor studied under Louis Kahn at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on a scholarship, and earned his Masters of Architecture. That autumn, he began work for the firm of Smith Carter Katelnikoff in Winnipeg, where he was a junior partner on the team assigned to the Winnipeg City Hall design competition. While Smith Carter did not win, their entry made the secondary selection of six designs. Having worked in such detail on the design factors of the City Hall project two years before as a student, Gillmor likely made a strong contribution to the Smith Carter entry.

Gillmor registered with the Manitoba Association of Architects on 18 January 1958. He had already begun his career as part of the faculty at the School of Architecture, where he was to remain until he moved in 1971 to the University of Calgary. In 1958, Gillmor assisted fellow staff member Jim Donahue, who was the associate designer of the new building for the School of Architecture (now the J.A. Russell Building). Dean John Russell had stressed interaction between the designers and the client group, in this case the faculty and students, so much of the planning was done on campus, before the design was drawn up in conjunction with Smith Carter Katelnikoff Architects.

In 1959 Gillmor entered into private practice in a partnership named Blankstein Coop Gillmor Hanna, which was to further amalgamate in 1964 to become Waisman Ross Blankstein Coop Gillmor Hanna. This was an active practice whose projects are noted in a separate report on the firm. Of particular note was their success in winning a national competition for the Mendel Art Gallery and Conservatory in Saskatoon in 1961. In 1964 Gillmor designed the gateway to the International Peace Garden on the border with the United States. This cooperative effort between Gillmor and Don Ellis was followed in 1979 by Gillmor’s design for an All Faith Peace Chapel which features encircling stones and walls engraved with messages of peace.

Another successful solo initiative for Gillmor was the Parks Structures Program for the City of Edmonton regional park system, which received the design excellence award from the Alberta Association of Architects in 1979. By 1971, Gillmor had left his Winnipeg practice to join the faculty of the University of Calgary. He had just completed an intense period of practice with Number TEN Architects, during which he was directly involved in the construction of the Northstar Inn (now Radisson Hotel) on Portage Avenue and less directly in the design and early construction of the Convention Centre, the Royal Trust Tower and the Rupertsland Square Development (1971-1974).

In 1979, Gillmor acted as moderator for a public forum on prairie architecture, co-sponsored by the RAIC and the University of Calgary. Other panelists included Peter Hemingway of Edmonton, Gus Da Roza of Winnipeg, Clifford Wiens of Regina and Jack Long of Calgary. It was an insightful discussion on the search for a prairie regionalism coming face to face with the big-box mentality of urban development. In particular the forum proceedings demonstrated Doug Gillmor’s skillful understanding both of the issues and the scope of design being undertaken across the prairies during this period. Gillmor has also served as a professional advisor for the national competition for a new Edmonton City Hall in 1976; the provincial competition for the design of the Alberta Legislature Precinct in 1981; and the international competition for the design of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights- Winnipeg in 2003-2005. He was, furthermore, a jury member for the invitational competition for the new Canadian Embassy in Berlin (1999).

Oral History Interview

Projects

Sources

  • “A City Hall for Winnipeg.” The Journal (Royal Architectural Institute of Canada) 31 (March 1954): 72.
  • “Architectural Design.” The Journal (Royal Architectural Institute of Canada) 31 (March 1954): 66-71.
  • “City Hall.” Pamphlet. 1960. In the collection of the Jewish Cultural Centre.
  • “Northstar Inn: Designed for Manitobans.” Winnipeg Tribune. 26 February 1971.
  • “Remarks by John A. Russell.” The Journal (Royal Architectural Institute of Canada) 36 (December 1959): 421.
  • “Prairie Architecture Examined.” The Canadian Architect 16 (October 1979): 21-30.
  • Keshavjee, Serena. ed. Winnipeg Modern. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2006.
  • Manitoba Association of Architects. Letter R. Douglas Gillmor. 18 January 1958.
  • Sellors, Roy. Letter to Manitoba Association of Architects. November 1972.
  • Thompson, William P. Academic Influence: A Legacy. Unpublished manuscript. March 2002. 13.
  • Winnipeg Architecture: Oral History Project, Architectural Practitioners 1945-1975