Winnipeg Architecture Foundation

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St. John Cantius Roman Catholic Church

Address:846 Burrows Avenue
Use:Place of worship
Original Use:Place of worship
Constructed:1971
Architects:Libling Michener and Associates

More Information

A parish hall, rectory, convent, and sanctuary were designed in 1971 for the Polish National Catholic Parish of St. John Cantius Church, by Libling Michener and Associates. Brutalist features, including vertically inscribed concrete and deeply inset fenestration and doors, enforce a feeling of solidity and permanence. The roof is of concrete tile and details, including window frames and doors, are of stained wood; the interior is finished in textured plaster.

In plan the church exemplifies directives from the second Vatican Council; the typical cruciform shape of historic Catholic churches is instead replaced with a liturgical space that is of human scale, and is both gracious and welcoming. An increased emphasis on parishioner involvement in liturgy is reinforced in the nave, where pews are close together and positioned on a diagonal axis, minimizing the number of rows and their distance from the liturgy. There is a strong angular organization to the church’s plan and form. Two entrances at opposite corners lead to a nave with a central altar. This angular form is further expressed by the tilted roof both inside and out, which provides a visual focus towards the altar. The pointed pitched roof culminates in height above the chancel.

Entry into the church is from two single storey doors on both the north and south elevations. St. John Cantius displays a number of Brutalist features. Amongst these are deeply inset windows and doors, the abundant use of unfinished vertically-inscribed concrete and the heavy tactility of the overall ensemble, which engenders a sense of gravitas and longevity, fitting for this religious structure. An earlier church, dating to 1918 is also located on the site. It was decided to build a new complex rather than rehabilitate the earlier church.

Significant Dates

  • September 12 1971, Blessing of Church

Design Characteristics

Suburb:Burrows Central
  • Project included parish hall, rectory, convent and 500 seat church
  • Bridges two city streets and has two seperate entrances
  • Design influenced by Second Vatican Council directives
  • Stained glass of stations of the cross
  • Interior finish, textured plaster
  • Roof, concrete tile

Sources

  • Canadian Architect 13 (December 1968): 51
  • "Will Bless New Centre". Winnipeg Free Press, September 9, 1971.

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